Topics 2007

By admin, July 8, 2011



Topic 1.

It follows, plainly, from the explanation given above, of the foundation of state, the ultimate aim of government is not to rule, or restrain, by fear, nor to exact obedience, but contrariwise, to free every man from fear, that he may live in all possible security; in other words, the strengthen his natural right to exist and work, without injury to himself and others.

Spinoza, Theological-Political Treatise, chapter XX



There are two things, that fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe… – the starry sky above me and the moral law within me.

Immanuel Kant, Critique of Practical Reason, Conclusion


Topic 3.

Space is not in the subject , nor is the world  in space.

Martin Heidegger, Being and Time


Topic 4.

And for this reason justice is regarded as the highest of all virtues,… and as the proverb has it, “In justice every virtue is summed up.” It is complete virtue and excellence in the fullest sense, because it is the practise of complete virtue. It is complete because he who possesses it can make use of his virtue not only by himself but also in his relations with his fellow men.

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics

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