IPO

International Philosophy Olympiad
 

 

Argentina

Austria

Bulgaria

Chile

Colombia

Croatia

Denmark

Estonia

Germany

Greece

Finland

India

Japan

Hungary

Israel

Italy

Korea

Lithuania

Norway

Paraguay

Poland

Romania

Russia

Serbia

Slovenia

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

USA

 

TOPICS

 

 

Topic 1.

It follows, plainly, from the explanation given above, of the foundation of state, the ultimate aim of government is not to rule, or restrain, by fear, nor to exact obedience, but contrariwise, to free every man from fear, that he may live in all possible security; in other words, the strengthen his natural right to exist and work, without injury to himself and others.

Spinoza, Theological-Political Treatise, chapter XX

 

Topic2.

There are two things, that fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe... – the starry sky above me and the moral law within me.

Immanuel Kant, Critique of Practical Reason, Conclusion

 

Topic 3.

Space is not in the subject , nor is the world  in space.

Martin Heidegger, Being and Time

 

Topic 4.

And for this reason justice is regarded as the highest of all virtues,… and as the proverb has it, “In justice every virtue is summed up.” It is complete virtue and excellence in the fullest sense, because it is the practise of complete virtue. It is complete because he who possesses it can make use of his virtue not only by himself but also in his relations with his fellow men.

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics